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    Menopause

    Menopause means the end of menstrual cycles, ie the end of a woman’s reproductive cycle, which usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. Menopause can occur between the ages of 40 and 60, but also earlier as a result of surgery or illness.

    The term menopause is often used to describe the entire period that precedes (premenopause) and that follows the cessation of menstrual bleeding (postmenopause).

    The cause of menopause is the gradual cessation of ovarian function, with a complete cessation of the production of the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone.

    Processes and feelings that occur in women in pre-, peri-, and postmenopause are a consequence of the body’s adaptation to estrogen deficiency. One of the first symptoms is a change in the normal rhythm of menstrual cycles. The time between cycles decreases or lengthens, or there are occasional absences of menstrual cycles.

    Mirabiliss Polyclinic - Nis - Menopause 04
    Mirabiliss Polyclinic - Nis - Menopause 06
    Mirabiliss Polyclinic - Nis - Menopause 05

    Other symptoms are:

    • hot flashes (hot flashes or fumades), night sweats
    • vaginal changes and changes in the urogenital tract in terms of thinning of the vaginal wall, insufficient elasticity and susceptibility to infections
    • psychological problems: rapid mood swings, fatigue, insomnia, difficulty concentrating, headache
    • loss of skin elasticity
    • osteoporosis

    Due to many changes during menopause, regular visits to the gynecologist are mandatory, and the frequency of visits depends solely on how the body behaves.

    During menopause, adequate and varied diet and regular physical activity are recommended, in order to improve general health, as well as minimize menopausal symptoms. It is recommended to use herbal preparations and teas from medicinal herbs such as poppy, yarrow, red clover, which are the first step in the treatment of mild forms of menopausal symptoms.

    Hormone therapy is indicated in cases of premature menopause or when the gynecologist estimates that the benefits of hormone substitution outweigh the possible risks.

    The most successful non-invasive, non-surgical, rapid, painless, low-risk method for resolving insufficient elasticity and dryness of the vagina at menopause is the use of platelet-rich plasma PRP.